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Showing Students the Appeal of a Subject Intrinsic Motivation Intrinsic motivators include fascination with the subject, a sense of its relevance to life and the world, a sense of accomplishment in mastering it, and a sense of calling to it.
Students who are intrinsically motivated might say things like the following. Intrinsic motivation can be long-lasting and self-sustaining. Efforts to build this kind of motivation are also typically efforts at promoting student learning.
Such efforts often focus on the subject rather than rewards or punishments. On the other hand, efforts at fostering intrinsic motivation can be slow to affect behavior and Essay on motivation and performance require special and lengthy preparation. Students are individuals, so a variety of approaches may be needed to motivate different students.
Also, it helps if the instructor is interested in the subject to begin with! Extrinsic Motivation Extrinsic motivators include parental expectations, expectations of other trusted role models, earning potential of a course of study, and grades which keep scholarships coming.
Students who are extrinsically motivated might say things like the following. Extrinsic motivators more readily produce behavior changes and typically involve relatively little effort or preparation.
Also, efforts at applying extrinsic motivators often do not require extensive knowledge of individual students. On the other hand, extrinsic motivators can often distract students from learning the subject at hand. It can be challenging to devise appropriate rewards and punishments for student behaviors.
Often, one needs to escalate the rewards and punishments over time to maintain a certain effect level. Also, extrinsic motivators typically do not work over the long term.
Once the rewards or punishments are removed, students lose their motivation. In one series of experiments, psychologist Edward Deci had two groups of college students play with a puzzle called Soma.
He found that the group that was paid to solve puzzles stopped solving puzzles as soon as the experiment—and the payment—ended. They had found the puzzles intrinsically interesting.
Deci argued that the group that had been paid to solve puzzles might have found the puzzles intrinsically interesting as well, but the extrinsic, monetary reward had reduced their intrinsic interest. Effects of Motivation on Learning Styles Deep learners respond well to the challenge of mastering a difficult and complex subject.
These are intrinsically motivated students who are often a joy to teach! Strategic learners are motivated primarily by rewards. They react well to competition and the opportunity to best others.
Handle strategic learners by avoiding appeals to competition. Appeal to their intrinsic interest in the subject at hand. Design your assignments tests, papers, projects, etc. Do so by requiring students to apply, synthesize, or evaluate material instead of merely comprehending or memorizing material.
Surface learners are often motivated by a desire to avoid failure. They typically avoid deep learning because it they see it as inherently risky behavior. Handle surface learners by helping them gain confidence in their abilities to learn and perform.
If so, the student engages in the activity. If the student perceives the activity as stimulating and controllable, then the student tentatively labels the activity as interesting and engages in it. If either condition becomes insufficient, then the student disengages from the activity—unless some extrinsic motivator influences the student to continue.
If the activity is repeatedly deemed stimulating and controllable, then the student may deem the activity interesting. Then the student will be more likely to engage in the activity in the future.
If over time activities that are deemed interesting provide little stimulation or control, then the student will remove the activity from his or her mental list of interesting activities.
The challenge, then, is to provide teaching and learning activities that are both stimulating and offer students a degree of personal control.Employee Motivation and Performance. Order Description. Questions on Chapter 16 Employee Motivation and Performance, page Discussion Question 1, 2 and 3 and page Questions for Application question 8 and Case Analysis.
Buy essays that perfectly suit your requirements. Professional writers and lowest prices on the web! Constant discounts and guaranteed quality! V. Metacognition and Motivation. Metacognition affects motivation because it affects attribution and self-efficacy.
When students get results on tests and grades on assignments (especially unexpected results such as failures), they perform a mental causal search to .
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