Quotes[ edit ] Metaphysicians and politicians may dispute foreverbut they will never find any other moral principle or foundation of rule or obedience, than the consent of governors and governed. Fear is the foundation of most governments; but it is so sordid and brutal a passion, and renders men in whose breasts it predominates so stupid and miserable. Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishesour inclinations, or the dictates of our passionthey cannot alter the state of facts and evidence. I am well aware of the Toil and Blood and Treasure, that it will cost Us to maintain this Declaration, and support and defend these States
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. August Learn how and when to remove this template message Bonifacio's mother, Catalina de Castro, was a blue-collar worker.
However, his normal schooling was cut short when he dropped out when he was about 14 years old to support his siblings after both of their parents died of illnesses one year apart. He also made posters for business firms. This became their thriving family business that continued on when the men of the family, namely Andres, Ciriaco, Procopio, and Troadio, were employed with private and government companies, which provided them with decent living conditions.
In his late teens, he worked as a mandatorio for the British trading firm Fleming and Companywhere he rose to become a corregidor of tar, rattan and other goods. He later transferred to Fressell and Company, a German trading firm, where he worked as a bodeguero storehouse keeper where he is responsible for warehouse inventory.
Not finishing his normal education, Bonifacio enriched his natural intelligence with self-education. Aside from Tagalog and Spanishhe could speak and understand Englishwhich he learned while working at J.
Marriages[ edit ] This section includes a list of referencesrelated reading or external linksbut its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please help to improve this section by introducing more precise citations. November Learn how and when to remove this template message Andres Bonifacio was married twice: She was Bonifacio's neighbor in Tondo.
Monica died of leprosy and they had no recorded children. Gregoria, also called Oriang, was the daughter of a prominent citizen and landowner from Caloocan. The couple also were married through Katipunan rites in a friend's house in Sta.
Cruz, Manila on the same day of their church wedding. They had one son, born in earlywho died of smallpox in infancy. Early political activism[ edit ] This section includes a list of referencesrelated reading or external linksbut its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations.
However, La Liga disbanded after only one meeting as Rizal was arrested and deported to Dapitan in Mindanao. Bonifacio, Apolinario Mabini and others revived La Liga in Rizal's absence and Bonifacio was active at organizing local chapters in Manila. He would become the chief propagandist of the revived Liga.
Katipunan On the night of July 7,the day after Rizal's deportation was announced, Bonifacio and others officially "founded" the Katipunanor in full, Kataastaasang Kagalanggalangang  Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan "Highest and Most Respected Society of the Country's Children"; Bayan can also denote community, people, and nation.
La Liga eventually split because some members like Bonifacio lost hope for peaceful reform and stopped their monetary aid. The radicals were subsumed into the Katipunan. Prior to this, he served as the society's comptroller and then as its fiscal. For each province involved, the Katipunan Supreme Council coordinated with provincial councils in charge of public administration and military affairs, and with local councils in charge of affairs on the district or barrio level.
Bonifacio adopted Jacinto's Kartilya primer as the official teachings of the society in place of his own Decaloguewhich he judged as inferior. The publication of Kalayaan in March led to a great increase in the society's membership.
The Katipunan movement spread throughout Luzonto Panay in the Visayas and even as far as Mindanao. By earlySpanish intelligence was aware of the existence of a seditious secret society, and suspects were kept under surveillance and arrests were made.
On 3 May, Bonifacio held a general assembly of Katipunan leaders in Pasigwhere they debated when to start the revolution. While some officers, especially Bonifacio, believed a revolution was inevitable, some members, especially Santiago Alvarez and Emilio Aguinaldo both of Caviteexpressed reservations and disagreement regarding the planned revolt due to lack of firearms.
Rizal turned out to be against the revolution, believing it to be premature. He recommended more preparation, but suggested that, in the event the revolution did break out, they should seek the leadership of Antonio Lunawho was widely regarded as a brilliant military leader.
Philippine Revolution Start of the uprising[ edit ] The Spanish authorities confirmed the existence of the Katipunan on August 19, Hundreds of Filipino suspects, both innocent and guilty, were arrested and imprisoned for treason.
Bonifacio, Emilio Jacinto and Guillermo Masangkay disguised themselves as sailors and went to the pier where Rizal's ship was anchored. Jacinto personally met with Rizal, who rejected their rescue offer.
The event, marked by the tearing of cedulas community tax certificates was later called the " Cry of Balintawak " or " Cry of Pugad Lawin "; the exact location and date of the Cry are disputed.
Bonifacio appointed generals to lead rebel forces to Manila. Other Katipunan councils were also informed of their plans.
Before hostilities erupted, Bonifacio reorganized the Katipunan into an open de facto revolutionary government and they named the nation and its government Haring Bayang Katagalugan loosely translates to Tagalog Republicwith him as President and commander-in-chief or generalissimo  of the rebel army and the Supreme Council as his cabinet.The titles of books should be italicized in most cases.
This rule applies to novels, nonfiction books and collections of short stories, essays, or screenplays. When referring to a specific chapter within a book, place the name of the chapter inside quotation marks.
Buddhist Literatures. The Emergence of Buddhist American Literature by John Whalen-Bridge and Gary Storhoff (SUNY Series in Buddhism and American Culture: State University of New Your Press) Assuming the United States as a spiritually dead society, Beat writers and others have shaped how Buddhism has been presented to and perceived by a North American audience.
Jan 04, · NOTE: The title of an article or essay is not enclosed in quotation marks, italicized or underlined at the top of the page.
The reason for punctuating a title that occurs in a body of prose is to set it off and to identify it as a title. When the title of an article or an essay appears over the article, its position is sufficient to identify it as the title.
Do you underline a title in an essay» Daily Mom Do you underline a title in an essay Gabriela Browne 18/05/ Note: do not know when citing an english class, poem about in italics for the title . Punctuating Titles: When to Use Italics, Underlining, "Title of an Essay" Title of a Collection or Anthology of Essays Ex: "The Fiction of Langston Hughes" Ex: Modern but not italicized or underlined.
For instance, note the Torah, the Bible, the Koran, the Book of Mormon, and the Vedas [no. The titles of short story and poetry collections should be italicized.
For example, “The Intruder,” a short story by Andre Dubus appears in his collection, Dancing After Hours. This can get a little tricky when authors title their collection after a story within that collection.