Quotations[ edit ] Early career years — [ edit ] Every influence, every motive, that provokes the spirit of murder among men, impels these mountaineers to deeds of treachery and violence. The strong aboriginal propensity to kill, inherent in all human beings, has in these valleys been preserved in unexampled strength and vigour. That religion, which above all others was founded and propagated by the sword — the tenets and principles of which are instinct with incentives to slaughter and which in three continents has produced fighting breeds of men — stimulates a wild and merciless fanaticism.
Glynronthey Many sources state the meaning of Rhondda as 'noisy', though this is a simplified translation without research.
Locals tend to refer to "The Rhondda" with the definite articledespite its non-usage on sign posts and maps. Early history[ edit ] Prehistoric and Roman Rhondda: The landscape of the Rhondda was formed by glacial action during the last ice ageas slow moving glaciers gouged out the deep valleys that exist today.
This left the two river valleys of the Rhondda with narrow, steep sided slopes which would dictate the layout of settlements from early to modern times. A small chipped stone tool found at the site, recorded as possibly being of ' Creswellian ' type or at least from the early Mesolithic period, places human activity on the plateau above the valleys.
Though no definite Mesolithic settlements have been located in the area, the concentration of finds at the Craig y Llyn escarpment suggests the presence of a temporary campsite in the vicinity. The remains of a rectangular hut with traces of drystone wall foundations and postholes was discovered; while carbon dating of charcoal found at the site dated the structure as late Neolithic.
The best example of a round-cairn was found at Crug yr Afan, near the summit of Graig Fawr, west of Cwmparc. The cairn consisted of an earthen mound with a surrounding ditch 28 metres in circumference and over 2 metres tall. The items did not originate from the Rhondda and are thought to have been left at the site as a votive offering.
Of particular interest were fragments of an iron sword which is the earliest iron object to be found in Wales and the only 'C-type' Hallstatt sword recorded in Britain. The earliest of these structures is Maendy Camp, a hillfort whose remains are situated between Ton Pentre and Cwmparc.
Maendy camp consisted of two earthworks, an inner and outer enclosure. When the site was excavated in several archaeological finds led to the camp being misidentified as Bronze Age.
These finds, mainly pottery and flint knives, were excavated from a burial cairn discovered within the outer enclosure but the site has since been classified as from the Iron Age.
The site is made up of a group of ruinous drystone roundhouses and enclosures and is thought to have been a sheep farming community.
It was thought to be a military site or marching camp. The area which would become the Rhondda lay within Glywysingan area that incorporated the modern area of Glamorgan, ruled by a dynasty founded by Glywys.
The Rhondda lay within Penychena narrow strip running between modern day Glyn Neath and the coast between Cardiff and Aberthaw. Each cantref was further divided into commoteswith Penychen made up of five such commotes, one being Glynrhondda. The few sites discovered from this period have been located in the Bro, or lowlands, leaving historians to believe that the Blaenau were sparsely inhabited, maybe only visited seasonally by pastoralists.
During the Early Middle Ages communities were split between bondmen and freemen. The bondmen lived in small villages centred on a court or llys of the local ruler to whom they paid dues; while the freemen, who enjoyed a higher status, lived in scattered homesteads.
The most important village was the 'mayor's settlement' or maerdref. Maerdy in the Rhondda Fach has been identified as a maerdref, mainly on the strength of the name, though the village did not survive past the Middle Ages.
During the late 11th century, the Norman lord, Robert Fitzhamon entered Morgannwg in an attempt to gain control of the area, building many earth and timber castles in the lowlands. Hywel ap Maredudd, lord of Meisgyn captured his cousin Morgan ap Cadwallon and annexed Glynrhondda in an attempt to reunify the commotes under a single native ruler.
Settlements of medieval Rhondda[ edit ] Little evidence exists of settlements within the Rhondda during the Norman period.
Unlike the communal dwellings of the Iron Age the remains of the Medieval buildings discovered in the area follow the pattern similar to modern farmsteads; with separate holdings spaced out around the hillsides. The evidence of Medieval Welsh farmers comes from the remains of their buildings, with the foundations of platform houses having been discovered spaced out throughout both valleys.This two week unit of work with lesson plans for a year one classroom and is focused on the text form of recount, with these lessons illustrating to students how to construct a recount.
The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian, or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethnolinguistic group of Northern European origin identified by their use of the Germanic languages. Their history stretches from the 2nd millennium BCE up to the present day..
Proto-Germanic peoples are believed to have emerged during the Nordic Bronze Age, which developed out of the. British History Beyond Primary Resources.
Browse by Type: Planning. Topic Planning Home Learning; Great for a variety of activities, your children can use them as inspiration during independent writing activities, as a spelling aid, to start discussions about the topic and more. Year 4 Addition and Subtraction Activity Sheet Pack.
MOVIES (HISTORICAL FILMS) IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER (UNDER CONSTRUCTION -- I'm watching and writing about these movies as fast as I can, but it is going to take awhile.). Teacher can scribe for children during shared writing and then use the subsequent text for reading activities 3.
Class diary Teacher may act as a scribe and record some class news in the form of a recount each day for a week. Display each days recount on a wall then collate and put into the class library.
Re read entries every day that week. Year 1 Recount Writing Lesson Ideas.
16 Pins Recount writing for Pre-Primary, Year One and Year Two. 21 Pages and 8 differentiated versions of personal recount writing planners. Free Lesson Plans for Teaching Reading and Writing. Reading Group Activities and Teaching Ideas.