Tests and measurements in psychology

Location of Program Offering: Macomb Graduate Faculty Tracy K. Detailed descriptions of each of the programs may be obtained from the departmental office. The graduate programs in psychology are designed to serve:

Tests and measurements in psychology

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IQ or cognitive tests and achievement tests are common norm-referenced tests. In these types of tests, a series of tasks is presented to the person being evaluated, and the person's responses are graded according to carefully prescribed guidelines. After the test is completed, the results can be compiled and compared to the responses of a norm group, usually composed of people at the same age or grade level as the person being evaluated.

IQ tests which contain a series of tasks typically divide the tasks into verbal relying on the use of language and performance, or non-verbal relying on eye—hand types of tasks, or use of symbols or objects. Examples of verbal IQ test tasks are vocabulary and information answering general knowledge questions.

Non-verbal examples are timed completion of puzzles object assembly and identifying images which fit a pattern matrix reasoning.

The individually administered tests tend to be more comprehensive, more reliable, more Tests and measurements in psychology and generally to have better psychometric characteristics than group-administered tests. However, individually administered tests are more expensive to administer because of the need for a trained administrator psychologist, school psychologistor psychometrician.

Public safety employment tests[ edit ] Attitude tests[ edit ] Attitude test assess an individual's feelings about an event, person, or object.

Attitude scales are used in marketing to determine individual and group preferences for brands, or items. Typically attitude tests use either a Thurstone scaleor Likert Scale to measure specific items.

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Neuropsychological test These tests consist of specifically designed tasks used to measure a psychological function known to be linked to a particular brain structure or pathway. Neuropsychological tests can be used in a clinical context to assess impairment after an injury or illness known to affect neurocognitive functioning.

When used in research, these tests can be used to contrast neuropsychological abilities across experimental groups. Infant and Preschool Assessment Due to the fact that infants and preschool aged children have limited capacities of communication, psychologists are unable to use traditional tests to assess them.

Therefore, many tests have been designed just for children ages birth to around six years of age. These tests usually vary with age respectively from assessments of reflexes and developmental milestones, to sensory and motor skills, language skills, and simple cognitive skills.

Common tests for this age group are split into categories: Common infant ability tests include: Common preschool intelligence tests include: Finally, some common school readiness tests are: Infant and preschool assessments, since they do not predict later childhood nor adult abilities, are mainly useful for testing if a child is experiencing developmental delay or disabilities.

They are also useful for testing individual intelligence and ability, and, as aforementioned, there are some specifically designed to test school readiness and determine which children may struggle more in school.

Tests and measurements in psychology

Personality test Psychological measures of personality are often described as either objective tests or projective tests. The terms "objective test" and "projective test" have recently come under criticism in the Journal of Personality Assessment.

The more descriptive "rating scale or self-report measures" and "free response measures" are suggested, rather than the terms "objective tests" and "projective tests," respectively. Objective tests Rating scale or self-report measure [ edit ] Objective tests have a restricted response format, such as allowing for true or false answers or rating using an ordinal scale.

The Big Five, or Five Factor Model of normal personality, has gained acceptance since the early s when some influential meta-analyses e. An example of this would be the Rorschach testin which a person states what each of ten ink blots might be. Projective testing became a growth industry in the first half of the s, with doubts about the theoretical assumptions behind projective testing arising in the second half of the s.

As improved sampling and statistical methods developed, much controversy regarding the utility and validity of projective testing has occurred.

The use of clinical judgement rather than norms and statistics to evaluate people's characteristics has raised criticism that projectives are deficient and unreliable results are too dissimilar each time a test is given to the same person.

However, as more objective scoring and interpretive systems supported by more rigorous scientific research have emerged, many practitioners continue to rely on projective testing. Projective tests may be useful in creating inferences to follow up with other methods.


The most widely used scoring system for the Rorschach is the Exner system of scoring.Resources on psychological assessment and testing for psychologists, mental health professionals, educators, students and patients. A: Action research: A method whereby part of the purpose of the researcher is to influence or change the participants behaviour.

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NOTE: Before purchasing, check with your instructor to ensure you select the correct ISBN. Career assessments are tools that are designed to help individuals understand how a variety of personal attributes (i.e., data values, preferences, motivations, aptitudes and skills), impact their potential success and satisfaction with different career options and work environments.

Career assessments have played a critical role in career development and the economy in the last century.

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