Albert Einstein called on me to ask: I was on the U.
He was always a little different from other children: At an early age, his family moved to Munich where Einstein attended a Catholic school and showed an early aptitude for mathematics, particularly geometry and calculus although he disliked the school's policy of strict memorization, which he thought unhelpful.
Outside of school, he explored his own path of learning in mathematics and philosophy with a medical student and friend of the family, Max Talmud. At the age of just 16, he had already made his first conceptual breakthrough while looking at a mirror and wondering what he would see if he were traveling at the speed of light a thought experiment sometimes referred to as "Einstein's Mirror".
He gained Swiss citizenship in and never revoked it. Unable to find a teaching post after graduation, Einstein eventually obtained a job evaluating patent applications for electromagnetic devices at the Swiss patent office in Bern. He married a Serb woman named Mileva Maric inand the couple were to bear two sons, Hans Albert and Eduardand possibly another child, Lieserl, before their marriage, who either died in childhood or was put up for adoptionbefore divorcing in Much of this work was highly controversial or just ignored within the scientific community of the time, and he continued his work at the patent office until He benefitted from the mathematical assistance of his old friend Marcel Grossman, who was one of the only people in Zurich with whom Einstein could discuss his new ideas.
He moved on to Berlin in at the personal request of Max Planckwhere he became a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences, a director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics and a professor at the Humboldt University of Berlin, as well as maintaining an ongoing relationship with Leiden University in the Netherlands through his contacts there with the physicists Hendrik Lorentz and Willem de Sitter.
He became actively involved in anti-war demonstrations during World War I, publicly advocating civil disobedience and the refusal of conscription. Einstein gave a series of lectures in about his new theory, which was to become known as the General Theory of Relativityincluding a new equation to replace Newton's law of gravity, now known as Einstein's field equation.
The complete theory was finally published inalthough physicists and mathematicians like Karl Schwarzschild and Ludwig Flamm were starting to publish solutions to his field equations even before its publication.
General relativity is based on the notion that gravity and acceleration are indistinguishable the principle of equivalence and describes gravity as a property of the geometry or, more specifically, the warpage of space-timeleading to the prediction of phenomena like the bending of lightblack holes and wormholes.
Despite the attempts by many scientists to disprove the General Theory of Relativitythe British astronomer Arthur Eddington claimed in to have confirmed Einstein's prediction of the gravitational deflection of starlight by the Sun, leading, almost overnight, to global renown and international media attention for Einstein.
His fellow scientists began to speak of general relativity in terms such as "probably the greatest scientific discovery ever made" and "the greatest feat of human thinking about nature". Einstein spent the next few years traveling extensively, giving lectures around the world.
He tried to develop thought experiments whereby Heisenberg 's uncertainty principle might be violated but, each time, Bohr found loopholes in Einstein's reasoning. During the First World War, Einstein had campaigned vigorously against the war, supporting various anti-War and pacifist organizations.
He remained a staunch pacifist even after the end of the War, and was highly critical of nationalism and committed to the idea of a single world government free of a military.
Throughout the s, he continued to participate in numerous peace campaigns and wrote articles on international peace and disarmament. He was also was drawn to the Zionist cause during the s, despite its nationalistic character. His physics research after general relativity consisted primarily of a long series of largely unsuccessful attempts to generalize his theory of gravitation still further in order to unify and simplify the fundamental laws of physics, particularly gravitation and electromagnetism.
He was desparate to come up with a unified field theory, a "theory of everything" that would refute the claims of quantum theorywhich he never came to terms with.
He went so far as to publish a paper inwhich purported to be just such a theory, and which attracted huge media attention, but he was forced to admit to errors and back-tracked rapidly, losing credibility and accepting public humiliation in the process.
He became increasingly isolated in his research, pursuing his own lonely track while largely ignoring other developments in physics and particularly in quantum theory. But his his distrust of quantum theory and his inconclusive search for the elusive "theory of everything" was to consume him until the day he died.
|Albert Einstein and the Fabric of Time||Late inAlbert Einstein received a letter from Robert Thornton, a young African-American philosopher of science who had just finished his Ph. I fully agree with you about the significance and educational value of methodology as well as history and philosophy of science.|
|Albert Einstein's greatest discoveries from the existence of atoms to the Theory of Relativity.||Inin his book Relativity, in discussing Minkowski's Space World interpretation of his theory of relativity, Einstein writes:|
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|Einstein’s theories buttress every facet of modern life||I have to agree with mitsi.|
In the early s, Einstein took to spending his winters at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, California, and was also a guest lecturer at the newly founded Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey.To put it as simply and briefly as possible, Einstein published two Relativity theories: Special Relativity and General Relativity.
Both were radically new ways of looking at the universe and its forces, quite different from the currently accepted Newtonian theory. Unfortunately it is very much a reality still today that the works of the really great spirits in science, such as Albert Einstein, Richard Feynman, and Stephen Hawking, and their most fundamental conclusions about the universe, remain unappreciated, even unnoticed by the majority of scientists.
What does Einstein's theory of relativity teach us? Update Cancel.
ad by Mott & Bow. The new standard in denim. Premium jeans, fair prices. Albert Einstein, in his theory of special relativity, Gravitational lensing can allow scientists to see some pretty cool things, but until recently, what they spotted around the lens has remained.
Albert Einstein ( – ), was a German -born physicist who developed the special and general theories of relativity and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in for his explanation of the photoelectric effect. Einstein is generally considered the most influential physicist of the 20th. Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist, best known for his Special and General Theory of Relativity and the concept of mass-energy equivalence expressed by the famous equation, E = mc 2.
The Year Of Albert Einstein “New Theory of the Universe. Newtonian Ideas Overthrown.” prediction embedded within Einstein’s equations—the big bang theory of the creation of the.